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  Computers > Computer technologies
Making The Time Fit The Crime
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The computer virus may just be the modern plague that afflicts the upcoming millennium. The "infection" numbers are staggering. The annual damage cost associated with viruses was estimated at over $1 billion for last year and is expected to rise to $2 to $3 billion in the upcoming year. One survey found that 98 percent of North American businesses have been infected by the over 6,000 types of viruses that are currently cataloged. One virus, Concept, is believed to have infected nearly one half of all companies nationwide within one year. While once seen as pranks or the products of...

Browser Wars
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There has been a continuous battle over the years with regard to browser market share. Initially, Mosaic enjoyed the largest share of the market, later to become Netscape's Navigator only to be challenged and eventually surpassed by Microsoft with various versions of Internet Explorer. Less well-known browsers such as Opera and Mozilla exist but relatively few people use them. In fact there are literally hundreds of browsers available in minority usage which raises compatibility issues for website creators. One browser, notorious among website creators was the AOL browser which is no longer used. Early Web interfaces were purely textual, requiring...

History of the World-Wide-Web
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The Web as it is known colloquially, functions according to the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). Hypertext is perhaps the Web's most important feature for it enables all web content to be linked. Web pages are created as plain text code written in the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), which is based on the ASCII code set. This set of tags is used to define the layout, structure and style of web content. Once uploaded onto the Web, a website can be viewed by anyone connected to the Internet. The goal of HTML was simple: to create cross-platform compatibility. The idea was...

A Brief History of the Internet
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The Internet was born out of a military research project funded by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) in the 1960s, whose goal was to devise a way of successfully transmitting information across large distances in the event of a nuclear attack. To do this it needed to "packet-switch" data via many computers from the host to the recipient. The protocols which define the rules for this information exchange were termed: Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and ensured that the information that was carried over the ARPA network could not be interrupted by an enemy attack. Following the...

Bandwidth, Connection Speed & Download Time
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"Bandwidth (the width of a band of electromagnetic frequencies) is used to mean (1) how fast data flows on a given transmission path, and (2), somewhat more technically, the width of the range of frequencies that an electronic signal occupies on a given transmission medium. Any digital or analog signal has a bandwidth" (What Is?, 2002). In digital systems, bandwidth is expressed as data speed in kilo/bits per second (k/bps). Long before the Web was invented, connections to the Internet were made using modems . Modems began with download speeds of 2.4 to 9.6 kbps, then 14.4, 28.8, 33.6 and,...

Part 4: Online Payment Systems & Credit Card Processing
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Site security is a prime concern of potential online shoppers. You have to work especially hard at this, because you have to deal with both the reality and the perception of online credit card processing. The reality is that on a “secured” site, transmitting personal information such as credit card numbers is less dangerous than using a credit card in a “realworld” retail situation, where someone might look over someone else’s shoulder and steal the number, or pick the credit card slip out of the trash afterwards. During an interview with About Retail Industry Guide Melody Vargas, Eric Olafson, Tomax...

Part 3: Building Credibility With Your E-Commerce Customers
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E-commerce merchants do a good job of this, for the most part. Most of them know that online shoppers need to see the product before they’ll purchase it; they use elements of e-commerce web site design such as online catalogues to accomplish this. Amateur e-commerce wanna-bes often make the mistake of loading many pictures onto too few pages and calling it an online catalogue, which results in a page that loads too slowly and doesn’t provide enough information. A good online catalogue will use a lot of web pages; it will be organized into categories, searchable, use thumbnails to give...

Part 2: Rules For Successful E-Commerce Web Site Design
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You must have consistent, 24/7 hosting if you want to operate a successful e-commerce site. You must present a fully functional, complete store to entice the e-commerce visitor and get her to shop online. No big “Under Construction” or “Coming Soon” banners. E-Commerce web site design is critical; besides being professional looking and attractive, you must make your e-commerce site easy for the customer to use. If potential customers can’t navigate your site easily, they won’t bother. Your competition is always only a click away! And you must maintain your e-commerce web site regularly and often. An e-commerce site that’s...

Part 1: How Can You Turn E-Commerce Visitors Into Online Shoppers?
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Build an e-commerce site, and the customers will come, shopping online madly and making you a dot com millionaire. Hype like this may move stock markets, but does nothing to motivate e-commerce visitors to become online shoppers. As you may already know from sad personal experience, you can invest a small fortune and a great deal of time designing a state-of-the-art e-commerce web site to showcase your product and getting those high rankings in search engines, but still be running your e-commerce venture in the red. I get a lot of email from people seeking e-commerce advice. They tell me...

Understanding B2C E-Commerce
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Important aspects of B2C initiatives include promotion, ordering, product/service delivery, after-sales support. All activities are conducted in a seamless manner with the help of today's Web technologies. Let's explain them one by one: Promotion - According to reports, advertising expenditures via Internet are expected to rise from $3.3 billion in 1999 to $33 billion by 2004. Web promotion includes banners, buttons, pop-up ads, rich-media banners, etc. There are various advantages of using corporate Websites as a promotional medium where successful initiatives provide premium content, market research, online contests, coupons, etc. and have thus successfully established their consumer loyalty. Promotion via...