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Who is Krishna?

God has unlimited names according to His activities. He is called Devaki-nandana because He accepted Devaki as His mother. He is called Nanda-nandana and Yashoda-nandana in relationship with Nanda Maharaja and Yashoda, His foster father and mother. He is called Partha-sarathi because He was the chariot driver of Arjuna. He is Bhakta-vatsala, affectionate to His devotees. He is Gopinatha, the Lord of the gopis. He is Gopijana-vallabha, beloved of the inhabitants of Vrindavana. He is Bhava-grahi Janardana, who understands one’s mental attitude. He is Varadaraja, the best of the givers of benedictions. He is Avatari, the source of all incarnations....

Bogus Gurus (Beware!)

It's true there are heaps of gurus out there claiming to be the real McCoy, and all have followers acclaiming their guru as the best. The more followers a guru has, the more likely it is that he or she preaches a wishy-washy message. That's because most people who profess an interest in spiritual life don't want to follow any restrictions. A popular guru knows that if he tries to teach the strict disciplines of the scriptures to his so-called followers, most will probably leave. And so he comes out with a watered-down pseudo-spiritual cocktail that satisfies nobody. For example,...

Who is That Girl with Krishna?

Everyone naturally wants to enjoy, yet no one is fully independent in finding enjoyment. To satisfy our desires, we need the association of others. We use the expression "to enjoy oneself," but we enjoy ourselves most in good company. Indeed, most people would find prolonged solitude practically unbearable. Krishna, however, the Supreme Lord, being the source of everything, is fully independent. He is independent in His existence, His knowledge and His pleasure, for everything rests upon Him, as pearls are...

What are the Vedas?

The Vedic scriptures of ancient India are written in Sanskrit. They comprise a huge collection of material and spiritual knowledge. The expression "Vedic" is derived from the Sanskrit word VEDA, which means knowledge or revelation. According to the Vedic history, they were written down about 5000 years ago, although this date is not accepted by modern Indology. The date, however, is not very important because, without a doubt, the knowledge contained in these scriptures was existing a long time before it was written down. The Veda may be understood by simply accepting what the Veda says about itself. Since the...

Why Did I Come to This Material World?

One may ask, "I am originally a pure servant of God, so why did I come to the material world? There is no ignorance in the spiritual world, so why did I become illusioned and leave that wonderful place to come here, where I suffer repeated births and deaths?" This is a good question, and one that Srila Prabhupada has elaborately explained. Every living being, either in the material or spiritual worlds, has free will. Because we are minute parts of the Supreme, we have minute quantities of His qualities. One of Krishna's qualities is independent free will. He does...

The Hare Krsna "Om" Page

As spiritual beings we are different from our material body. Chanting transcendental sounds like om helps free us from material conditioning and helps us realize our spiritual self.Om is a sound representation of the Supreme Lord. Many groups having some connection with India vibrate om as part of their service. Lord Krishna mentions in Bhagavad-gita (7.8) that He is the syllable om in the Vedic mantras, and He tells how persons perfect in yoga vibrate the syllable om and remember the Supreme Lord at the time of death, and thus enter the kingdom of God (verse 8.13). Both om and...


In the Vedic context, "liberation" means more than just freedom from hangups and freedom being socially pigeonholed or political oppressed. It means freedom from the cycle of birth and death. In Sanskrit, this liberation is known as moksa or mukti. According to the Vedic teachings, attaining this liberation is the true goal of human life. We wander about this material world, lifetime after lifetime, in different bodies, in different species, each time undergoing the repeated miseries of birth, death, disease, and old age. When born into the lower species, as animals, as fish, as plants, we are too densely covered...

The Modes of Material Nature

In modern physics (classical, quantum mechanistic, and holistic), one frequently sees the term "natural laws." Since Einstein, efforts are being made to find a Grand Unified Theory that will condense all natural laws into one universal formula explaining matter and consciousness. Interestingly enough, in Sanskrit we have a hard time finding a corresponding term for "natural law." Of course, there are words, like "hetu" (in Bhagavad-gita 9.10), which directly refer to the laws of nature. Literally, hetu means "a causing principle." But these words are rather rare. However, there is a word which appears in the (meta)physical Sanskrit literature as...

Personalism and Impersonalism

Impersonalists think the highest conception of God is an all-pervading impersonal spirit and that our spiritual perfection is to merge into this one spirit after death. They compare this to bubbles of ocean water merging into the ocean. They think that if God had a form, it would limit Him, as our bodies limit us. Personalists say that the highest conception of God is a supreme person, with an eternal spiritual body and with whom we can have loving exchanges in our eternal spiritual body in the spiritual world. Both claim their view is supported by scriptural evidence, but in...


Vaishnavas worship Vishnu in his various forms and are one of the three major groups of Hinduism, the others being Shaivas and Shaktas. In the trinity of Vishnu, Shiva, and Brahma, Vishnu is the sattva quality of a centripetal tendency towards light and truth, which holds the universe together by pervading all existence. Vishnu comes from a root meaning "to pervade," and he is known as the Pervader. Thus Vishnu dwells in everything and defeats the power of destruction. Shiva is the centrifugal tendency of destruction and as life depends on death so Vishnu and Shiva are interdependent. As Vishnu...