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History of the Sport of Gymnastics

Gymanstics, as an activity sport, has been around for over 2000 years but as an competitive sport it is a little more than 100 years old. Mass and individual exhibitions were conducted by various clubs and ethnic groups such as the Turvereins and Sok ols. While it was slow-growing in the club area, it was fast-growing sport in the Turvereins and Sokols. In 1830s, the sport of gymnastics was introduced to United States and its school systems by such immigrants as Charles Beck, Charles Follen and Franci s Lieber. In 1881 the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG) was formed, later was...

Artistic gymnastics: Format of competition

Currently, in a full elite international competition, the meet is divided into several sessions: team qualifying, team finals, all-around finals and event finals. During the team qualifying(abbreivated TQ) round, gymnasts compete with their national squad on all four/six apparatus. The scores from the session are used to determine which teams advance to the team finals and which individual gymnasts advance to the all-around and event finals. The current format of this session is 6-5-4, meaning that there are six gymnasts on the team, five compete, and four of the scores count. In the team finals (abbreviated TF), gymnasts compete with...

General History of Gymnastics

The first international gymnastics competition outside of the Olympics was held in 1903 in Antwerp, Belgium, where gymnasts from Belgium, France, Luxembourg and the Netherlands competed in what is now considered the first World Championships. At St. Louis in 1904, the men's team combined competition was added to the Olympic program. The U.S. men swept all three team medals. At the ninth World Championships in 1930 at Luxembourg, the competition included the pole vault, broad jump, shot put, rope climb and a 100-meter sprint. Track and field did not fully disappear from the World Gymnastics Championships circuit until the 1954...

Gymnastics 1: Ancient Gymnastics

Gymnastics, in the form of acrobatics, calisthenics, and disciplined exercise, has been around since ancient times. Acrobats entertained Egyptian nobility about 7,000 years ago and, judging by ancient frescoes, acrobats vaulted over the backs of bulls on the island of Crete when the Minoan civilization flourished, beginning about 2,700 BC. The name of the sport comes from gymnos, the Greek word for naked. In ancient Greece, male athletes trained and competed in the nude. The gymnasium, originally an area for physical training, came to be a school for training both the mind and the body. There were three types of...

Gymnastics 2: The Development of Modern Gymnastics

Modern gymnastics began with the work of Johann Friedrich GutsMuths (1759-1839), who taught at the Schnepfenthal Educational Institute near Gotha, Germany. GutsMuths developed a complete program of exercises designed to improve balance and suppleness as well as muscular strength. His book, Gymnastics for the Young, published in 1793 and soon translated into Danish, English, French, and Dutch, became a manual for a generation of physical education teachers in several countries. One of GutsMuths' readers was Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (1778-1852), a gymnastics teacher who was also a Prussian patriot and nationalist. Jahn believed, or convinced himself, that turnen was an old...

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Around Gymnastics for girls

If maybe you are the father or mother of a girl who does gymnastics, then travel to this page almost all just about gymnastics for girls to invite the no-cost email series & develop into a more effective artistic gymnastics mother/father in 5 easy gradations, setting forth immediately. Gymastics is a productive & old sport. It's plenteous physical and mental challenges will help preparations for the plenteous lifetime physical and mental challenges that are waiting ahead. Gymnastic for girls & gymnastic boys are events we may, almost all, be justly proud of. Gymnastiques, as a physical exercise, has been contested...

Gymnastics 3: Early American Gymnastics

Three of Jahn's followers, Charles Beck, Charles Follen, and Franz Lieber, left Germany before the 1848 revolution and were the pioneers of American gymnastics. Beck was hired in the spring of 1825 to teach Latin at the experimental Round Hill School in Northampton, Massachusetts. He established North America's first gymnasium at the school and began training students, using Jahn's techniques. He also translated Jahn's book, Deutsche Turnkunst (The German Art of Gymnastics). His translation, titled Treatise on Gymnasticks, taken chiefly from the German of F. L. Jahn, was published in 1828. Meanwhile, Harvard College had decided to establish a gymnastics...

Gymnastics 4: The Turners and Others in America

The Turner movement had the biggest long-range effect on American gymnastics as we know the sport. As previously noted, tens of thousands of Jahn's Turners emigrated to the United States during the late 1840s and early 1850s, and they formed societies in major cities. The first was the Cincinnati Turngemeinde, founded on November 21, 1848. Soon, there were other organizations in New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Brooklyn, and Louisville. In September of 1851, the Philadelphia Turngemeinde hosted a gymnastics festival at which a national organization, the Socialistischer Turnerbund, was founded. Arguments over slavery hampered the organization for the next decade, as...

Artistic gymnastics

Artistic gymnastics is a discipline of gymnastics in which competitors perform short routines (ranging from approximately 30 to 90 seconds) on different apparatus, obviously less for vaulting (see lists below). Artistic gymnastics is one of the most popular spectator sports at the Summer Olympic Games, although it is not a particularly popular participant sport, as performing at even a basic level requires very high levels of fitness and skill which take more training than many people are prepared to commit. In addition, in many nations, gymnastics is an expensive sport. However, the discipline of general gymnastics is geared more towards...

Gymnastics 5. 19th-Century European Gymnastics

Gymnastics spread through Europe primarily as physical training for the military. In France, Francisco Amoros founded the Ecole de Joinville for military training in 1852. A native of Spain who had become a French citizen, Amoros espoused a system of gymnastics that included work on apparatus, calisthenics, and singing. Phokion Heinrich Clias (1782-1854), a native of Boston, became a gymnastics instructor in Switzerland and worked with the Swiss Army early in the 19th century. In 1822, he was invited to London, where he became superintendent of physical training in the royal military and naval academies. His pupil, Gustavus Hamilton, published...